Understanding the different grades of chemicals and reagents is crucial in various industries, particularly in pharmaceuticals, medical devices, and research. The grades mentioned in the article help define the purity and quality of the chemicals, ensuring that they meet the required standards for specific applications. Here's a summary of the seven most common grades for chemicals and reagents:

  1. ACS Grade (American Chemical Society):

    • Purity: ≥95%
    • Acceptable for food, drug, or medicinal use
    • Suitable for ACS applications or general procedures with stringent quality specifications
  2. Reagent Grade:

    • Purity: Generally equal to ACS grade (≥95%)
    • Acceptable for food, drug, or medicinal use
    • Suitable for many laboratory and analytical applications
  3. USP Grade (United States Pharmacopeia):

    • Meets or exceeds USP requirements
    • Acceptable for food, drug, or medicinal use
    • Used in laboratory applications, but review USP requirements for specific methodologies
  4. NF Grade (National Formulary):

    • Meets or exceeds National Formulary requirements
    • Used for chemical and biological drug substances, dosage forms, compounded preparations, etc.
    • Equivalent grades should be reviewed for specific applications
  5. Laboratory Grade:

    • Popular for educational applications
    • Impurity levels are unknown
    • Not suitable for food, drug, or medicinal use
  6. Purified Grade (Pure or Practical Grade):

    • Meets no official standard
    • Not pure enough for food, drug, or medicinal use
    • Used for certain non-medical purposes
  7. Technical Grade:

    • Used for commercial and industrial purposes
    • Not pure enough for food, drug, or medicinal use

      It's emphasized that ACS, Reagent, and USP-NF grades are often considered equivalent and interchangeable, but confirmation of appropriateness is essential. Lab, purified, and technical grades serve specific purposes, with lab-grade chemicals being suitable for educational settings but not for pharmaceutical quality control.

      Using a lower-purity grade than what is required for a specific application can have significant consequences, potentially impacting the quality and safety of products. Therefore, careful consideration and adherence to the appropriate grade standards are necessary to avoid costly mistakes in various industries.

By 向阳 翟


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