The thermal decomposition of an acyl azide to an isocyanate and nitrogen gas is known as the Curtius rearrangement. The R group of the acyl azide migrates to its nearest nitrogen, releasing nitrogen gas to form the isocyanate product, which can further react with nucleophiles in solution, i.e. exposure to water produces a 1° amine.

  • Reactant: Acyl Azide
  • Product: Isocyanate
  • Type of Reaction: Rearrangement


Top Citations

Original Paper

Related Reactions

Related Compounds

  • Acyl azide
By shuhan yang


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